Immigrants and WIOA Services: Comparison of Sociodemographic Characteristics of Native- and Foreign-Born Adults in the United States

Since 1990, roughly 1 million foreign-born individuals have settled in the United States per year, many with needs for adult education and workforce training services. As the federal government and states ramp up their implementation of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA), which provides the framework for provision of adult education and workforce services across the United States, the law stands to play a critical role in supporting the upward mobility of the foreign born in the workforce and their successful integration into the civic life of the communities where they have settled.

Fact sheets for the United States and the ten states with the largest foreign-born populations provide key characteristics of foreign-born and native-born residents that are relevant to understanding needs for adult education and workforce training services. Drawing upon MPI analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data, the fact sheets provide estimates of the ages, origins, educational attainment, English proficiency, unemployment and underemployment, parental status, poverty, health insurance coverage, and immigration status of U.S. and state populations.

State Profiles

California
This fact sheet provides a profile of key characteristics of foreign-born and native-born residents of the state of California that are relevant to understanding needs for adult education and workforce training services.

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Florida
This fact sheet offers a profile of Florida’s 3.5 million foreign-born residents ages 16 and older, comparing their characteristics to those of the native born.

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Georgia
More than 7.6 million people ages 16 and older call Georgia home, 12 percent of them born outside the United States. This fact sheet compares key characteristics of immigrant and native-born Georgia residents.

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Illinois
Seventeen percent of the 10 million Illinois residents ages 16 and older are immigrants. This fact sheet compares characteristics of foreign-born and native-born state residents that are relevant to understanding needs for adult education and workforce training services.

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Massachusetts
Some 5.4 million people ages 16 and older live in Massachusetts, 18 percent of them born outside the United States. This fact sheet provides a profile of key characteristics of foreign-born and native-born residents of Massachusetts.

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New Jersey
This fact sheet provides a profile of key characteristics of foreign-born and native-born residents of New Jersey;  one-quarter of the state’s 7 million residents ages 16 and older were foreign born.

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New York
Twenty-six percent of the nearly 16 million residents of New York state ages 16 and older are foreign born, as this fact sheet describes. It compares key characteristics of foreign-born and native-born residents of New York.

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Texas
Of the more than 19 million Texans who are at least 16 years of age, 20 percent were born in another country. This fact sheet offers key estimates relevant to understanding needs for adult education and workforce training services.

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Virginia
Thirteen percent of the more than 6 million Virginia residents at least 16 years old are foreign born, as this fact sheet describes. It offers key characteristics relevant to understanding needs for adult education and workforce training services.

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Washington State
More than 5 million people in Washington State are 16 and older, 16 percent of them immigrants. This fact sheet compares key characteristics of foreign-born and native-born residents of the state that are relevant to understanding needs for adult education and workforce training services.

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Table of Contents 

1) Nativity, Age, and Origin of Residents

2) Educational Attainment

3) Limited English Proficiency and Educational Attainment

4) Brain Waste

5) Parents of Young Children

6) Poverty and Health Insurance

7) U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Status

Source: Migration Policy Ins