Category: محامي هجرة فلوريدا

Fourth Circuit Rules that 1st Degree Arson is Aggravated Felony

The fourth circuit ruled  that Maryland’s 1st degree arson is an aggravated felony for immigration purposes. The petitioner was a lawful permanent resident who pleaded to first degree arson under Maryland law. She was sentenced to 365 in prison. in 2013, the Service placed her in removal proceedings for her first degree arson conviction. She was placed into removal as an alien who was convicted of an aggravated felony under 101(a)(43)(E) of the INA. Her attorney argued that her first degree arson was not an aggravated felony since the property was not used in interstate commerce to fall under the federal 1st degree arson statute. The immigration judge ruled against her and she appealed. The Board, in a one member panel, upheld the immigration judge’s decision.

Before reaching the main issue of whether the first degree arson conviction was an aggravated felony, the court decided that the Board’s decision warranted Chevron deference. The court ruled that it does. It then moved to consider the first degree arson conviction for immigration purposes. the court compared Maryland’s first degree arson to the federal statute and found them identical except for the interstate commerce element. The court ruled that Congress did not intend for statutes to be exact matches for them to be aggravate felonies under the INA’s definition. The court ruled that even though Maryland’s first degree arson was not an exact match, it could still be deemed an aggravated felony for immigration purposes. The court reasoned that giving the statute a different meaning would contradict Congress’s intent. The court, however, had to go through the second step of Chevron since there was a contradictory ruling from a sister court. The court ruled that the precedential decisions on which the Board relied deserved deference under the Chevron analysis.  The court thus denied the Petition for review.

This decision shows that aggravated felonies are very hard to determine. It was not clear whether there was an argument under Padilla v. Kentucky or if counsel moved to rescind the conviction based on lack of immigration consequences advise. It is very important to hire an experience counsel to help you in removal proceedings, especially if you have been convicted of a serious crime which might be classified as an aggravated felony under 101(a)(43(E) of the INA.

The decision is ESPINAL-ANDRADES v. HOLDER, and you can read it here.

What do you think?

Follow me on twitter, Google+, and Linked in for regular updates.

Hatch Introduces I-Squared Act of 2015 To Help Skilled Workers

Senator Hatch introduced the ‘‘Immigration Innovation Act of 2015’’ or the ‘‘I-Squared Act of 2015’’ on the Senate today. The Act aims to get more skilled immigrants into the United States. It has three components:

1. It raises the amount of H1B visas available for skilled immigrants. The Act raises the number of visas depending on the time-frame during which the current numbers are exhausted. The Act also codifies giving H1B dependents Employment Authorization Documents (EAD). Dependents are not currently allowed to work.

2. The Act also aims to move the backlog on immigrant visa by increasing the available number of visas available for immigrant visa petitions by changing the per capita numbers for countries.

3. The Act allows immigrants to move employer more easily by allowing them to stay in status for 60 days after their employment is terminated.

The Act deals with some other things, including raising funding for STEM programs.

Visit this link to read the Act.

The I-Squared Act of 2015 tries to fix many of the persistent problems that have led to the departure of many American educated students from the United States.

USCIS Redesignates Syria for TPS

The Department of Homeland Security redesignated Syrian nationals for Temporary Protected Status (TPS). Temporary Protected Status is a status used by the government to halt the deportation of persons in the United States from countries where there is some sort of disaster or civil strife. USCIS designated Syria after the beginning of its civil war in 2011. The country has been redisignated twice after its initial designation. El Salvador, Haiti, and Syria are among the countries currently designated by USCIS.

The designation ends on September 30, 2016, unless the government redesignates Syria. Syrian nationals who were already granted the designation must reapply for redesignation by March 5, 2015. Nationals applying for the designation for the first time must apply by July 6, 2015. For eligibility criteria, please visit this link. Among the criteria is nationality of the country of designation presence in the United States, and continuous presence since the day of designation. Applicants granted TPS may not be removed or detained by the government for being present illegally. Persons granted this designation may be granted travel documents.

 

 

Three Immigration Events to Track in 2015

We are all excited about the new year and the great things it will bring when it comes to immigration. We are all excited about the roll out of President Obama’s plans under his executive orders. However, three things might happen to spoil his plans, and we will discuss them here.

1. Will the Republicans pass their own plan? There is talk about a new Republican plan on immigration that should be rolled out in the first quarter of 2015. The plan is purported to have a border security component that makes border security a priority. However, there is little the Republicans can do to differ from the Senate’s plan that was passed last year, since it had enough security measures to pass the Senate with Republican support. Unfortunately, we do not know how far the plan will go when it comes to changing existing law. The last time we had a Republican Congress, we got IIRIRA, which curbed many of the protections that existed before it.

2. Will the President’s Executive Orders Be Ruled Unconstitutional? There has been one round in the sure to be a long fight to determine whether the President’s plans are constitutional. The Federal Courts have already dismissed Sheriff Arpaio’s law suit. The Republicans and the states will surely make the same arguments in their lawsuit, which will be hard to defend. The states will be unable to curb the President’s plans, since he used his constitutional powers to do what the law allows him to do.

3. What will happen with Cuba? DHS Secretary said that normalization of relations with the island nation does not change the Cuban Adjustment Act. However, normalization will mean that an undetermined number of Cuban citizens with standing removal orders could be removed from the United States as soon as normalization occurs. It is uncertain whether the new reform plan will address this problem, which might be one way for Republicans to gain favor with the Cuban community after the President normalized relations with Cuba. However, most of these Cuban citizens may also qualify under the President’s executive actions.

Please keep these three things and track them in 2015 because they are so important to immigration reform. Thank you for following me this past year. I promise that more good things will be on this blog in 2015. Happy New Year.

Don’t Hire a Non-lawyer in 2015!

There’s an Arab proverb that roughly translates to “let your baker bake your dough even if he took half of it”. I often wonder why some people hire non-lawyers to apply for their immigration benefits. There are usually two reasons: money and the tricks these notaries pay on unsuspecting immigrants that believe that they could help them.
As to the first reason,  I believe that hiring these notaries could really end up hurting you financially in the long run.  I’ve met many victims ended up paying as much as ten folds what they paid the non-lawyer to deal with their mistakes.  I once represented a very sweet couple from a former Russian republic for whom the non-attorney applied even though they had a standing removal order.  The couple had to go through the agony of fear of deportation while I worked with the government to reopen the case.  Buttom line, if they had hired a licensed attorney,  that would not have happened. 
As to the latter reason,  impersonating an officer of the court is a third degree misdemeanor in most states.  So engaging a non-lawyer to help you with your documents would be akin to helping someone commit a crime.  I know that these notaries are masters at telling you that you do not need an attorney.  At the end of the day,  attorneys have gone through the rigors of dealing with clients and had attended law school to deal with your exact situation. So why not hire someone who has your interests in their mind and have spent the time and energy to train to deal with your needs?
The best advice that anyone would give you,  is to how the right person for the job.  After all,  proverbs come from real life situations.